Even though the subject was introduced at the early days of the college, the department was established only in 1967 as separate faculty. Over the years, the department has produced excellent students, many becoming influential figures in the state. The primary aim of the department is to develop and enrich Mizo literature and language as well as to enhance better appreciation and understanding research. 

The department takes step at present to motivates critical spirit in the students and creativity in literary activity. Students are admitted strictly on merit base. Students are mostly proficient in Mizo language. They also have workable knowledge of english. 

The intake capacity allotted by the department is 40 seats per semester since 2014. The department not only looks after Mizo department, but MIL (in Mizo) also since its inception. Numbers of core students in 2018 are as follows — VI Semester - 38,  IV Semester - 37 and II Semester 42. 

At present the faculty consists of 3 Assistant Professors and 3 Guest Faculties. The academic condition in terms of quality of faculty and learning transfer process is healthy and adequate. One teacher has Ph.D degree, and others are now doing research leading to Ph.D.

The Department conducted 'Certificate Course in Mizo Cultural Studies and Performing Arts' in collaboration with Art and Culture Department, Govt. of Mizoram since 2017. This certificate course was inaugurated by _, Art and Culture Minister of Govt. of Mizoram on 16th October, 2017 at Seminar Hall of the College in the presence of Dr.Tawnenga, Principal, Pachhunga University College and Mr. R.Hmingthanzuala, Director, Art and Culture Department.The Course is approved by Mizoram University.

The Department is planning to open Post Graduate Course in Mizo language and Literature on August, 2018 with the capacity of 10 seats.